James Watt Biography – Inventor of Steam Machines

Monday, May 13th, 2019 - Biography
Advertisement

James Watt Biography – Inventor of Steam Machines

Biography of James Watt. Known as one of the important figures in the history of industry and technology in the world. His discovery of the steam engine when it succeeded in changing the face of industry in England then spread throughout the world.

Biography of James Watt
Full Name: James Watt
Born: Greenock, Scotland, January 1736.
Death: Handsworth, England, August 25, 1819
Parents: James Watt (Father), Agnes Muirhead (Mother)
Wife: Ann MacGregor (1777), Margaret Miller (1764)
Child: James Watt Junior, Gregory Watt, Janet Watt, Margaret Watt

Biography of James Watt
And is considered one of the most important inventors ever. James Watt was born in Greenock, Scotland, January 19, 1736 – and died in Birmingham, England on August 19, 1819. James Watt was a great engineer from Scotland, United Kingdom. His father named James Watt and his mother named Agnes Muirhead.

James Watt was the one who succeeded in creating the first efficient steam engine. It turned out that this steam engine was one of the forces that led to the Industrial Revolution, especially in Britain and Europe in general.

To appreciate its services, its last name is Watt used as the name of the power unit, for example, engine power and electrical power.

James Watt, a Scotsman who was often associated with the inventor of the steam engine, was a key figure in the Industrial Revolution. Actually, Watt was not the first person to make a steam engine. A similar design was compiled by the Hero of Alexandria at the beginning of the Christian year.

In 1686 Thomas Savery patented a steam engine used to pump water, and in 1712, an Englishman Thomas Newcomen, also made a patent for a similar item with a more perfect version, but the Newcomen engine was still of poor quality and inefficient. used for water pumps from coal mines.

Finding Steam Machines
Watt became interested in the steam engine in 1764 when he was fixing the machine created by Newcomen. Although Watt only received a year of education as a toolmaker, he had a great talent for creation.

The improvements he made to the Newcomen engine were so important that it was fitting to consider Wattlah to be the first creator of a practical steam engine.

The success of the first Watt that he patented in 1769 was the addition of a reinforced separate room. He also made a separator to prevent heat dissipation in the steam cylinder, and in 1782 he found a double engine.

With some minor improvements, this update resulted in an increase in the efficiency of steam engines by four times or more. In practice, this increase in efficiency is indeed the result of intelligence but it is not so useful a tool and also does not have extraordinary uses judging from an industrial perspective.

Watt also discovered (in 1781) a set of teeth to change the backward motion of the machine so that it became a rotating motion. This tool greatly increases the use of steam engines.

Watt also succeeded in creating an automatic circular motion force controller (in 1788), which caused the engine speed to be automatically monitored.

Also created pressurized measuring devices (in 1790), speed calculators, manuals and steam control devices as additional equipment improvements.

Watt himself did not have business talent. However, in 1775 he entered into an alliance with Matthew Boulton, an engineer, and a skilled businessman.

For the next twenty-five years, the Watt and Boulton companies produced a large number of steam engines and both became wealthy.
Industrial Revolution in England
Dual-acting steam engine Watt’s invention in 1769 It is difficult to overestimate the importance of steam engines. Because indeed many other discoveries that played an important role in driving the development of the Industrial Revolution. For example, the development of the world of mining, metallurgy, and various types of machine tools.

The lifeboat glided back and forth in a weaving machine (John Kay’s discovery in 1733), or a spinning tool (the discovery of James Hargreaves in 1764) all of which happened ahead of Watt’s creation.

Most of the discoveries are only a less meaningful improvement and none have vital meaning in connection with the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.

Another case with the invention of the steam engine that played an important role in the Industrial Revolution, which seems to be experiencing another form.

Previously, even though steam power was used for windmills and water rounds, the main source of engine power was in human power. This factor is a very bounded capacity of an industrial product.

Thanks to the invention of the steam engine, this limitation excluded. A large amount of energy can now be channeled to productive things that are rising with enormous swiftness.

The 1973 oil embargo made us aware of how miserable it was if energy materials were reduced and were able to cripple the industry. This experience, at some level, encourages us to imagine the significance of the Industrial Revolution thanks to the discovery of James Watt.

The rapid pace of the Industrial Revolution
In addition to the benefits of power for factories, steam engines also have a large use in other fields. In 1783, Marquis de Jouffroy in Abbans succeeded in using a steam engine for the propulsion of the ship. In 1804, Richard Trevithick created the first steam locomotive.

None of the beginner models succeeded commercially. Within a few decades, both ships and trains produced a revolution both in the field of land and sea transportation.

The Industrial Revolution took place almost simultaneously with the American and French Revolutions. Although the time seemed trivial, it now seems clear how the Industrial Revolution seemed to have a far more important meaning for human life than the significance of the political revolution. James Watt, therefore, belongs to one who has an important influence in history.

Pictures gallery of James Watt Biography – Inventor of Steam Machines

  • james watt biography and inventions
Advertisement
James Watt Biography – Inventor of Steam Machines | Salma Habyek | 4.5