Biography of Antony van Leeuwenhoek – Inventor of Bacteria
He is very instrumental in the world of microbiology. Antony van Leeuwenhoek is known to the world as an inventor of bacteria. Because of his services in the field of biology, especially microbiology, Antony van Leeuwenhoek came to be known as “Father of Microbiology”.
Biography of Antony van Leeuwenhoek
Name: Antony van Leeuwenhoek
Born: Delft, Netherlands, October 24, 1632
Death: Delft, Netherlands, August 26, 1723
Parents: Philips Antonisz van Leeuwenhoek (father), Margaretha Bel van den Berch (mother)
Wife: Barbara de Mey
Children: Maria van Leeuwenhoek, Margrieta Leeuwenhoek, Philips Leeuwenhoek
Profession: Trader, Biologist
Antony van Leeuwenhoek was born in 1632 in Delft, the Netherlands. He comes from a middle-class family. His father was Philips Antonisz van Leeuwenhoek and his mother was Margaretha Bel van den, Berch.
In his childhood, he only attended elementary school. Afterward, he spent his time working at a very young age. He worked as an employee at a fabric shop in the city of Benthuizen for several years.
In the shop, the workers use a magnifying glass to see and examine the quality of cloth in the shop. This is where Antony van Leeuwenhoek became interested in a magnifying glass because he could see small things very clearly and facilitate his work.
Become a Fabric Trader
In the Biography of Antony van Leeuwenhoek it is known that after long working in the city of Benthuizen, Antony van Leeuwenhoek finally returned to his hometown armed with experience in doing fabric business in the city of Benthuizen.
He finally opened his own fabric shop. Here, he developed a magnifying glass that could even see smaller things.
Make Your Own Microscope
Even though the microscope had been found before. Finally, Antony van Leeuwenhoek managed to make a microscope with a magnifying glass that he developed which could see objects up to 270 times larger.
Microscope Antony van Leeuwenhoek
This is where Antony van Leeuwenhoek began to be interested in observing something around him with his artificial microscope. He also recruited someone who was good at drawing to illustrate the object of his findings that he found with a microscope.
The expertise developed was extraordinary, far beyond the habits of professionals at that time. Leeuwenhoek has enormous patience and a diligent observer who has sharp vision and unlimited curiosity.
With that very small lens, he examined various kinds of objects, from hair to dog sperm, from rain to small insects.
Also fiber, skin parts, and various other objects. He made careful notes and made detailed sketches of each of the things he observed.
Become a Member of The Royal Society of England
Beginning in 1673 and beyond, Leeuwenhoek has always had a relationship with “The Royal Society of England” a leading scientific institution of that era. Even though he doesn’t have a higher education background (only elementary school and only knows one language, Dutch).
In the Biography of Antony van Leeuwenhoek he was known to be a member of the scientific institution in 1680. He was also a member of the Academy of Sciences in Paris.
Describes spermatozoa and blood cells
Leeuwenhoek made many important discoveries. He was the first person to describe the spermatozoa (1677) and was one of the first to describe red blood and white blood.
He opposes the theory of spontaneous generation of simple forms of life and exposes much of the evidence against it. He was able to show, for example, those small animals that eat wingless blood reproduce in a manner similar to winged insects.
Finding Bacteria or Germs
His greatest discovery appeared in 1674 when he made his first study of germs. This is one of the major discoveries about sperm fluid that resulted in fertilization in human history.
Inside the small water point, Leeuwenhoek discovered an entirely new world, completely unpredictable, full of life. Although it hasn’t been realized, this new world has a very important meaning to mankind.
Indeed, the “microscopic very small object” that he observed was often an important power factor for both life and human death. Once it has been researched, Leeuwenhoek is able to find germs in various different places.
Like in wells and in puddles, at raindrops, in the mouth and intestines to the human anus. He describes various forms of bacteria, as well as protozoa and calculates their size.
The discovery of this germ is a rare important scientific discovery carried out by individuals. Leeuwenhoek really works alone.
In Antony van Leeuwenhoek’s Biography, the discovery of protozoa and their bacteria cannot be helped by anyone — not so in most of the advances in biology and not as a natural growth of previous biological knowledge.
Antony van Leeuwenhoek Death
This factor, together with the importance of using the invention. Antony van Leeuwenhoek died on August 26, 1723, in his hometown of Delft, the Netherlands.
He left a very valuable discovery for the world of knowledge at the time and naturally he was one of the figures of one hundred prominent figures in the world who were influential in the world.