Biography and Profile of Charles Darwin – Inventor of the Theory of evolution
This figure was born together with Abraham Lincoln. Charles Darwin was famous as the inventor of the theory of organic evolution in the sense of natural selection.
Charles Darwin is known as a biologist, ecologist, and geologist from England. His book The Origin of Species was one of the most famous books at the time. Following is the Biodata and Biography of Charles Darwin
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Charles Darwin’s Biodata
Full Name: Charles Robert Darwin
Known: Charles Darwin
Born: Shrewsbury, England, February 12, 1809
Died: England, April 19, 1882
Parents: Robert Darwin (Father), Susannah Darwin (Mother)
Wife: Emma Darwin
Children: Anne Darwin, George Darwin, Francis Darwin, William Erasmus Darwin, Henrietta Emma Litchfield, Horace Darwin, Charles Waring, Mary Eleanor Darwin, Elizabeth Darwin.
Biography of Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin was born with the full name of Charles Robert Darwin on February 12, 1809, in England. His father was named Robert Darwin and his mother was named Susannah Darwin.
In his youth, Charles Darwin moved to Cambridge to learn elements of office administration. Even so, hunting and riding horses in Cambridge is much more exciting than learning science.
And even so, he still can attract the attention of one of his grandmothers who encouraged him to take part in the voyage of investigation on board H.M.S. Beagle as a naturalist.
At first, his father objected to this appointment. He thought, such a trip was just an excuse for Darwin being reluctant with serious work.
Fortunately, later the father could be persuaded and blessed the journey which eventually turned out to be the most valuable journey in the history of European science.
Charles Darwin began sailing aboard the Beagle in 1831. He was only twenty-two years old. During the five-year voyage, the Beagle ships sailed the world, scoured the coast of South America in an exciting speed, investigated the remote Galapagos archipelago, encroached the Pacific islands, in the Indonesian Ocean and in the southern Atlantic Ocean.
In the plan, Darwin witnessed many natural wonders, visited primitive tribes, discovered large numbers of fossils, examined various kinds of plants and species of animals. Furthermore, he made many notes about what passed before his eyes.
These notes are the basic ingredients for almost all of his later works. It is from these notes that the main ideas originate, and the events and experiences that support his theories.
Travel by boat Beagle
The Beagle survey lasts five years. Darwin spent two-thirds of this time exploring the land. He investigated a variety of geological, fossil and living organisms, and encountered a wide variety of people, both indigenous and colonial.
Methodically he collected a large number of specimens, many of which were new to science. This confirmed his reputation as a naturalist and made him one of the pioneers in the field of ecology, specifically an understanding of biogenesis.
His detailed records at length show his gift to build theories and form the basis for his future work and provide a deep social anthropological understanding of politics in the regions he visits.
On that voyage, Darwin read Charles Lyell’s book, Principles of Geology, which explained the geological appearance as a result of a gradual process over a variety of long periods of time, and wrote a letter to his family that he witnessed landforms “as if he had Lyell’s eyes “: he saw plains of steep shingles and shells in Patagonia as rising beaches.
In Chile, he experienced an earthquake and recorded the seabed with shells stranded above a high tide which showed that the land had risen; and even in high places in the Andes, he can collect seashells.
Charles Darwin made the theory that coral atolls formed on submerged volcanic mountains, an idea he saw confirmed when the Beagle investigated Cocos (Keeling) Islands.
In South America, he discovered fossils of extinct giant mammals, including megatheria and glyptodon in layers that showed no signs of a catastrophe or climate change.
Occasionally he thought they were similar to species in Africa, but after the voyage, Richard Owen showed that the remnants came from animals related to living things in the same place. In Argentina, two species of rhea have separate but overlapping regions.