Biography of Carl Friedrich Gauss – The Mathematician of the Inventor of Number Theory

Saturday, May 11th, 2019 - Biography
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Biography of Carl Friedrich Gauss. He is known as the greatest mathematician the world has ever known besides Archimedes, Isaac Newton, and Leonhard Euler.

The works published by Gauss are said to be extraordinary. At the age of 21, Gauss wrote Disquisitiones Arithmeticae, a number theory as important as Euclid’s Elements in the field of geometry.

Biography of Carl Friedrich Gauss Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was born on April 30, 1777, in the city of Brunswick, Germany. His mother was named Dorothea Benze and his father was named Gebhard Dietrich Gauss.

Gauss’s mother was known to be intelligent, but she was illiterate. Gauss’s father fulfilled his family’s needs in any way, either working at different times as a sales assistant, butcher, mason, gardener, and treasurer for a local insurance company.

The Gauss family is known to be poor. Gauss has an older stepbrother named Georg from his father’s first marriage, which ends when his first wife dies.

Childhood
From the beginning, Carl Friedrich Gauss showed extraordinary talent in the field of mathematics especially numbers. He can count before he learns to speak.

In 1782, When Carl Friedrich Gauss was seven years old, he started at St. Katherine. There are funny stories when he went to school where he confused his teacher by counting faster than what his teacher, Büttner could do.

Even though Carl Friedrich Gauss was from a simple farming family, his teacher Büttner admitted that one day the child could become a great professor at a university if someone gave him the opportunity to learn more.

Carl Friedrich Gauss The Magic Child
His teacher then invited Carl Friedrich Gauss’s father to school to discuss his son’s future. His father was not sure of his son’s abilities. He only hoped Carl Friedrich Gauss would become a laborer and help his family.

His teacher assured him that Carl Friedrich Gauss’s talent was very unusual for other children his age. He then began to be guided by Martin Bartels, a talented mathematician.

Bartels who was inspired by Carl Friedrich Gauss then devoted his career entirely to mathematics, which ultimately made him a professor.

By the time 10-year-old Carl Friedrich Gauss, he had made a breakthrough by finding the binomial theorem, a truly remarkable achievement.

News of the genius boy reached the ears of the Duke of Brunswick, who later agreed to pay for his education.

In the biography of Carl Friedrich Gauss it is known that in 1788, at the age of 11, he began schooling grammar at Martino-Katharineum, where he was very intelligent in Mathematics, Ancient Greek, Latin, and Modern Languages.

In 1792, when Carl Friedrich Gauss was 15 years old, he entered Caroline College. By the time he was 18 years old, he had completed his degree in mathematics.

Carl Friedrich Gauss was very passionate about the development of science made by Isaac Newton, Leonhard Euler, and Joseph-Louis Lagrange. But Hero Carl Friedrich Gauss is Archimedes.

Carl Friedrich Gauss then studied to get a doctorate at the University of Göttingen for three years, starting in October 1795.

In terms of intelligence and expertise in the field of mathematics, Carl Friedrich Gauss was far ahead of most of the mathematics professors at his university.

Carl Friedrich Gauss immersed himself in the field of modern mathematics. He also regularly attended lectures in the fields of linguistics, physics, and astronomy. He borrowed more humanities from the library than mathematics books.
Even though he knew his abilities were very special, his fellow students did not consider him to be a fully dedicated and brilliant mathematician. They consider him a simple and normal figure.

In the biography of Carl Friedrich Gauss it is known that when he studied at the University of Göttingen, the outpouring of Gauss’s new ideas would change mathematics forever. In just six months, he solved the problem that had been a problem for mathematicians for 2,000 years.

Gauss discovered a mathematical formula that makes all regular polygons that can be constructed using only straightedge and compass.

Finding the Heptadecagon Number and Construction Theory
With the discovery of the construction of this heptadecagon, Gauss realized that his place in history as a mathematician would be remembered.

Carl Friedrich Gauss kept his discovery diary, starting with the heptadecagon. In the diary, there are 146 discoveries, but they were lost more than 40 years after his death. In his time as a student, Gauss made many important discoveries such as number theory.

The Duke of Brunswick continues to fund Gauss’s work, so he is free to investigate any field that interests him. In 1801, When Carl Friedrich Gauss was 24 years old, he published one of the greatest works in the history of mathematics namely Disquisitiones Arithmeticae.

He chose to write books in perfect classical Latin. Carl Friedrich Gauss wrote most of the book within three years before it was published. In it, he recorded formal evidence from many previous discoveries.

Disquisitiones Arithmeticae is a book that brings together strands that are separate from number theory. This is where the modern number theory begins. Carl Friedrich Gauss documented significant breakthroughs, such as reciprocal law of squares, the formulation of modern modular arithmetic, and the suitability of ideas that support an integrated approach to number theory.

People say Carl Friedrich Gauss did the best in the field of number theory according to what Euclid did in geometry.

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Biography of Carl Friedrich Gauss – The Mathematician of the Inventor of Number Theory | Salma Habyek | 4.5