Biography Paul Galvin – Founder of Motorola
Paul Galvin’s Biography. He was the founder of Motorola, he was born in a small town in Harvard, Illinois, on June 27, 1895. His biographer said that Galvin’s education in a small town environment gave him a personality, friendliness. After completing high school, Galvin took a summer job as a scribe on the Harvard railroad locomotive ward and the following fall he was enrolled at the University of Illinois, 150 miles away by train or train.
There he relied on his savings and part-time work to meet expenses and complete his two-year study period. But, at the end of the second year, he concluded that he did not get enough funds to continue his education. He returned to Harvard to work as an employee at the train station and a year later went to Chicago where he found clerical work in the Commonwealth Edison.
Shortly afterward Paul Galvin was enrolled in an officer training program in anticipation of America’s entry into World War I. He eventually became an artillery officer and got frontline assignments in France. Wartime experiences reinforce Galvin’s faith in the virtues of a good discipline organization able to withstand crises through loyalty and mutual attention. The wartime experience also strengthened Galvin’s determination to make a place for himself in the business world.
Returning to civilian life in 1919, Paul Galvin began his search for a business where he could achieve success. He first got a job with the D & G Battery Company.
Then in 1921, he joined another person from Harvard, Edward Stewart, to form a battery manufacturing company in Marshfield, Wisconsin. The location was chosen because of the collaboration of the local chamber of commerce. The location proved detrimental due to shipping costs, and in 1923 the company left the business. Back in Chicago, Galvin found a job with the Branch Candy Company as a personal secretary for Emil Brach. Three years later, in 1926, Galvin again joined Edward Stewart to establish a battery manufacturing factory for the second time.
This time the Galvin company has the advantage of a location in Chicago and economic prosperity in this country. But then, defects found in the product, customers begin to lose to rivals, and before the problem can be resolved, the company’s creditors hit, take ownership of the company’s property. Once again, Galvin’s dream of business success ended in failure.
All that is not lost, however, for in the fight to prevent a second failure, Galvin, Stewart and an engineer they have hired have developed a tool called a dry battery eliminator that allows a home radio to pull electricity from an electrical outlet. The head of the radio department at Sears, Roebuck was encouraged by Galvin to rebuild himself in the business of making eliminators who would later buy. On September 25, 1928, the new Galvin Manufacturing Corporation began operations with five employees. Galvin doesn’t even have money to rent the first month.
The company initially survived more on repairing eliminators than on new sales. But Paul Galvin saw home radio as a more promising market and began producing small amounts of AC sets for sale to other business companies who would then put their labels on Galvin’s products. Through heavy sales efforts, Galvin soon succeeded in selling his products.
Then, on “Black Friday”, October 25, 1929, the stock market took a drop, suddenly dramatic. Demand for radio is declining and manufacturers of brand products are starting to dump their inventory sets on the market. The branded set price drops below what dealers have paid for private brands such as Galvin and Galvin found the market disappeared. Again, he is on the verge of failure. In 1931 Galvin began the important task of building a wholesale distributor. after seven years opened and Over the years, distributors became the main source of strength to build Motorola, on a large scale due to the close friendship that Galvin developed with the owner.
Galvin’s success in the field of car radio was driven by the development of a source of increased electricity supply in 1931. Then, in 1933 Galvin manufacturing came out with new models being developed but the problem was in the field and the company had to remember thousands of sets. But Galvin is not discouraged. After venting his anger by destroying his set with a hammer, he was authorized to develop two new models which were successfully introduced in 1934.
Galvin’s marketing campaign gradually expanded. In 1934 he signed an agreement where BF Goodrich Company agreed to Motorola radio merchandise through hundreds of stores. In the same year, Galvin was hired by Victor Irvine to handle advertising and promotion. Large on the highway advertising campaigns were launched with thousands of Motorola red, black and yellow markers along the highways throughout the country. A problem arose in Florida where the Seminole Indians used heavy steel signs to be used as floors in their homes. However, Motorola is able to arrange a peace agreement preventing further problems.