Biography of Ray Tomlinson – Inventor of Email (Electronic Mail)

Monday, May 6th, 2019 - Biography

Raymond Samuel Tomlinson or Ray Tomlinson was born in 1941 in an area called Amsterdam in the New York area. He and his family then moved to an area or small village called Vail Mills, New York. Ray Tomlinson is known as the Inventor of Email or Electronic Mail.

When teenager Ray Tomlinson attended Broadalbin Central School in Broadalbin, New York. After graduating from Broadalbin Central School, Ray Tomlinson then continued his studies at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in the Troy area, New York where Ray Tomlinson worked with IBM in a co-op program. At Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Ray Tomlinson received a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering in 1963.

After graduating from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Ray Tomlinson then continued his studies for a Master’s degree at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in electrical engineering. At MIT, Ray Tomlinson worked at the Speech Communication Group and there Ray Tomlinson developed a digital-analog speech synthesizer technology that was made the subject of his Master’s thesis. Ray Tomlinson then received his S.M. in the field of Electrical Engineering in 1965.

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In 1967 Ray Tomlinson joined a technology company called Bolt, Beranek, and Newman, now known as BBN Technologies, in which Ray Tomlinson helped develop the TENEX operating system including the ARPANET Network Control Protocol and TELNET implementation.

Ray Tomlinson wrote a file transfer program called CPYNET to transfer files via the ARPANET. Ray Tomlinson was asked to change a program called SNDMSG, which sends messages to other users of time-sharing computers, to be able to run on TENEX.

He added the code that he took from CPYNET to SNDMSG so that the message could be sent to users on another computer that was the forerunner of the emergence of e-mail or electronic mail.

Raymond Tomlinson discovered the internet-based e-mail or e-mail end of 1971 at ARPAnet. The biggest innovation is e-mail (or e-mail), the ability to send simple messages to others through networks (1971). when it’s working on a program called SNDMSG (send a message) that allows the same computer users to leave messages with each other.

Or an e-mail system with a single type of computer. At that time, he tried a transfer program (CYPNET) that allowed computer users to send files, to direct computers connected to the ARPANET. Tomlinson then thought that if he combined SNDMSG and CYPNET together, he might be able to send messages to other electronic postboxes on a network, as easily as sending files.

One of the questions that led Tomlinson to another experiment on e-mail was how to distinguish messages directed out of network and other messages addressed to many computer users in an office. He continued to study computer keyboards that were not directly related to people’s names and not a number. Finally, he arrived at the use of the @ symbol as the address for the e-mail user.

The First Email in the World
This symbol represents a place and is only a proposition on a keyboard. The use of the @ symbol has a global impact, Ray Tomlinson acknowledged that his findings were produced “only from thinking no more than 30 or 40 seconds.” Ray Tomlinson chose the @ symbol to distinguish between the user/username and the domain/address of the server. et “which means” on “.

The first email sent by Raymond Tomlinson between two computers that actually sat next to each other. However, the ARPANET network is used as a connection between the two. The first e-mail message is “QWERTYUIOP”. The QWERTYUIOP message can be a historic message because the contents of the first message that can be sent via the ARPANET network that is developing now become an internet network.

The inventor of e-mail, Raymond Tomlinson, who according to many circles included important and revolutionary achievements in information technology. He deserves to be 50 influential figures in the world of Informatics because he who chooses the @ symbol as an electronic mail address marker, behind the name of the sender or recipient of the message, even now the use of e-mail has become the cheapest global communication tool.

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