Edward Teller’s Biography – The Story of the Founder of the Hydrogen Bomb

Wednesday, May 1st, 2019 - Biography

Edward Teller’s Profile and Biography. He is known as a famous physicist from Jewish descent. Edward Teller is one of the scientists who have services in the field of physics. He is an important figure of the inventor of the Hydrogen bomb or known as a nuclear bomb that has the strongest explosive power in history.

Edward Teller Biography Edward Teller’s original name was Teller Ede. He was born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary, on January 15, 1908. He was of Jewish descent from the family of the couple Miksa Teller and Ilona.

Like Albert Einstein and Feynman, Edward Teller also spoke very slowly when he was a child. Although his speaking ability was very slow, he liked calculations.

Teller left his homeland of Hungary in 1926 because of discriminatory treatment at the time under Miklos Horthy’s regime. He and his family moved to Germany.

In Edward Teller’s Biography it is known that when Teller was very young, he had an accident where his right leg was cut off in Munich, Germany. Here he is required to wear prosthetic limbs and suffer lameness throughout his life.

Chemical Engineering graduate
Edward Teller completed his education in the chemical engineering department of the University of Karlsruhe, Germany. In 1930 he obtained a Ph.D. in physics under the guidance of Werner Heisenberg at the University of Leipzig.

Edward Teller’s dissertation discusses quantum mechanics and hydrogen molecular ions. In 1930, Edward Teller became friends with Russian physicists George Gamow and Lev Landau.

Biography of Edward Teller He also established friendly relations with Czech physicists, George Placzek who also played a very important role in scientific development and philosophical life. Placzek also arranged a Teller meeting with Enrico Fermi in Rome in 1932, so Teller became increasingly interested in nuclear physics.

Run to England
In 1930, Edward Teller moved to the University of Göttingen. This campus is one of the world’s biggest centers for the development of physics because of the presence of Max Born and James Franck at that time.

But after Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in January 1933, Germany became unsafe for people of Jewish descent. Edward Teller then left Germany through the assistance of the International Rescue Committee.

In Edward Teller’s Biography, it is known that he settled briefly in England and moved for a year to Copenhagen, Denmark working under the guidance of scientist Niels Bohr. In February 1934, Edward Teller married his girlfriend named Augusta Maria Harkanyi. After that, he returned to England in September 1934.
Moving to America
Teller’s wife was a student in Pittsburgh, America and wanted to return to the United States. The opportunity came in 1935 when it was with George Gamow’s help, Edward Teller was invited to the United States to become Professor of Physics at George Washington University.

He worked with Gamow until 1941. At George Washington University, Teller predicted the Jahn-Teller effect that changes molecules in certain situations. This affects the chemical reactions of metals.

Teller and Hermann Arthur Jahn analyzed it as part of pure mathematical physics. In collaboration with Stephen Brunauer and Paul Hugh Emmett, Teller also made important contributions in the field of chemical physics called the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) isotherm.

Become an American
Finally, Edward Teller and his wife became citizens of the United States naturalized on March 6, 1941. When World War II began, Edward Teller wanted to contribute to the war. On the advice of the famous aerodynamics expert Caltech and another fellow Hungarians namely Theodore von Kármán, Teller collaborated with his friend Hans Bethe in developing the theory of shock wave propagation.

In the following years, their explanation of the behavior of the gases behind such waves proved useful for scientists who were studying missiles.

Manhattan Project
Teller had worked on the Manhattan project at Los Alamos, New Mexico (1943-1946). The project successfully pursued the development of an atomic bomb. The bombs were then dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which until today no nuclear bombs have been used by humans after that.

Teller worked as a physicist at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory during World War II. Teller also helped establish a laboratory he directed for more than two years in the 1950s. He then became assistant director of physics until he retired in 1977.

In 1939, Teller was one of three scientists who encouraged Albert Einstein to remind President Franklin D. Roosevelt that nuclear fission forces (fragments of an atomic nucleus) could be used to form new weapons that were very devastating.

The Inventor of the Hydrogen Bomb
In 1941, before the first atomic bomb was born, his fellow scientist, Enrico Fermi, argued that nuclear fusion could be even more powerful. The next work, Edward Teller developed a hydrogen bomb or a nuclear bomb which was then attached to his identity as the inventor of the hydrogen bomb.

His main role in the development of thermonuclear weapons (hydrogen bombs) is very well known. However, he also made a remarkable contribution to the development of ballistic missiles launched from submarines (nuclear prevention bases) and regarding defense missiles

Mr. Hydrogen Bomb
The idea was developed by Teller. He continued to make bombs like that, so he managed to get the title “father of a hydrogen bomb”. However, reportedly, he hated the term.

A megaton (one million tons) hydrogen bomb was first detonated in 1952, although no one was used in the war. In comparison, the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were only as heavy as a dozen kilotons.

Teller is a strong adviser to applied science, besides one of the most influential technology leaders in national defense since World War II to date. His advice was also very influential in the missile system of strategic defense initiatives dubbed the “Star War”.

Edward Teller Award
Teller received many awards in his long career, including the Albert Einstein Award, the Enrico Fermi Award, and the National Science Medal. The man born in Budapest, Hungary was also awarded the President’s Freedom Medal, the highest award in the US.

He was unable to attend a special ceremony in Washington led by President George W. Bush at that time. Therefore, the award was received by her daughter, Wendy.

During his lifetime, the professor of physics at the University of California lived with Paul (his son), Wendy (his daughter), four grandchildren, and a great-grandson.

The role of Dr. Edward Teller was very strategic in the US weaponry strategy, from atomic bombs during World War II to the concept of the Star War during President Reagan. With Einstein, he “awakened” President Roosevelt to nuclear power.

Edward Teller died
In the last years of his life, he has been widely known for the suggestion of controversial technological solutions to civil and military problems, including plans to excavate artificial ports in Alaska using thermonuclear explosives.

The “doomsday bomb” expert gave up due to the stroke that attacked him a few days ago. Teller died on September 9, 2003, at the age of 95 at his home on the University of Stanford, California.

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Edward Teller’s Biography – The Story of the Founder of the Hydrogen Bomb | Salma Habyek | 4.5