Biography of Nelson Mandela – Nobel Peace Prize Winner
Biography of Nelson Mandela. Known as one of the most famous peace figures in the world from South Africa. Nelson Mandela was also known as a freedom fighter through his famous anti-apartheid activities. He is also a figure in the Nobel Peace Prize.
Nelson Mandela’s Biodata
Biography of Nelson Mandela Name: Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
Born: Mvezo, South Africa, July 18, 1918
Death: Johannesburg, South Africa, December 5, 2013
Parents: Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa (father), Noqaphi Nosekeni (mother)
Wife: Evelyn Mase (1944–1958), Winnie Mandela (1958–1996), Graça Machel (1998–2013)
Children: Makaziwe Mandela, Zenani Mandela-Dlamini, Zindzi Mandela, Makgatho Mandela, Madiba Thembekile Mandela
Biography of Nelson Mandela
His full name is Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. He was born in Mvezo, July 18, 1918, and died on December 5, 2013. His father was named Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa and his mother named Noqaphi Nosekeni.
Biography of Nelson Mandela, known for his childhood spent in Thembu. He then moved to Qunu until he was 9 years old.
Nelson Mandela Muda
He was the first child of his family to attend school. He also got the name Nelson from his Methodist teacher.
At the age of 16, he entered the Clarkebury Boarding Institute studying western culture. In 1934, Nelson Mandela began the B.A program. at Fort Hare University. There he met Oliver Tambo who became his loyal friend and colleague.
After opposing university policy and asked to leave. Nelson Mandela moved to Johannesburg and continued his studies at the University of South Africa after taking law at the University of the Witwatersrand.
Becoming an Activist and Imprisoned
As an Activist, Nelson Mandela attended the African National Congress (ANC) from 1942. Because of his anti-apartheid activities, he served various periods of punishment.
On August 5, 1962, the police then arrested Nelson Mandela on charges of inciting a labor strike and abroad without permission. He was later imprisoned at Marshall Square, Johannesburg.
Then on October 25, 1962, he was sentenced to 5 years in prison and on June 12, 1964. Nelson Mandela and a group of other activists were sentenced to life in prison.
Nelson Mandela was then transferred from prison to Robben Island. He was confined there for 18 years. then in April 1982, he was subsequently transferred to the Polosmo prison in Cape Town with a number of senior ANC leaders such as Walter Sisulu, Andrew Mlangeni, Ahmed Kathrada, and Raymond Mhlaba.
While in prison, Nelson Mandela was often sick and had several operations. As much as he received from tuberculosis he suffered in December 1988, he was transferred to Victor Posters prison near the Paarl area.
In Nelson Mandela’s Biography, In Paarl, he is known to live in the house of a warder who is more comfortable with a private chef. He also used it to complete his LLB studies. He stayed in prison until he was released on February 11, 1990.
The release was at the behest of President Frederik Willem de Klerk after being pressured by the whole world. Mandela and de Klerk won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
Become President of South Africa
Nelson Mandela served as President of South Africa in about 5 years (May 1994 – June 1999) after winning the election and becoming the first black president with de Klerk as Deputy President.
The problem of AIDS became a source of people’s disappointment and Mandela’s regret because in his reign he paid little attention to this problem. His son, Makgatho, died of AIDS on January 6, 2005.
Nelson Mandela Death
Nelson Mandela, the anti-apartheid leader and the first black president of South Africa, passed away on Thursday, December 5, 2013. He was 95 years old.
South African President Jacob Zuma announced the death of Nelson Mandela. Nearly three decades of African independence activist in prison in the struggle to end white minority rule and discriminate against blacks in South Africa.