Biography of Albert Einstein – Physics Scientist Founder of the Theory of Relativity
Profile and Biography of Albert Einstein. This one scientist is the most recognized figure in the world in this century, many are looking for stories, profiles or brief biographies about Albert Einstein.Albert Einstein Biodata
Full Name: Albert Einstein
Born: Germany, March 14, 1879
Death: United States, April 18, 1955
Parents: Hermann Einstein (father), Pauline (mother)
Wife: Elsa Einstein (1919), Mileva Maric (1903)
Child: Eduard Einstein, Lieserl Einstein, Hans Albert Einstein
Biography of Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein is known to be a theoretical physicist widely regarded as the greatest scientist in the 20th century. He is equal to Sir Isaac Newton.
He put forward the theory of relativity and also contributed greatly to the development of quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, and cosmology.
Albert Einstein was also the mastermind behind the creation of the strongest bomb in the world, the ‘Atomic Bomb’, which made Japan surrender in 1945. But behind that, he also showed remorse due to the atomic bomb.
He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 for his explanation of the photoelectric effect and his “dedication to Theoretical Physics”.
After the general theory of relativity was formulated, Einstein became famous throughout the world, an unusual achievement for a scientist.
In his old age, his fame surpassed the fame of all scientists in history, and in popular culture, Einstein said was considered synonymous with intelligence or even genius.
His face is one of the best known in the whole world. In 1999, Einstein was named “People of the Century” by Time magazine.
Its popularity also makes the name “Einstein” widely used in advertisements and other merchandise, and finally “Albert Einstein” is registered as a trademark.
To appreciate it, a unit in photochemistry was named Einstein, a chemical element named einsteinium, and an asteroid named 2001 Einstein.
Einstein was born in Ulm in Württemberg, Germany; about 100 km east of Stuttgart. His father was named Hermann Einstein, a seller of fur beds who later underwent electrochemical work, and his mother named Pauline.
They married in Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt. Their family is of Jewish descent; Albert was sent to a Catholic school and at the wishes of his mother he was given a violin lesson.
At the age of five, his father showed a compass, and Einstein realized that something in this “empty” space acted on the needle on the compass.
He then explained his experience as one of the most intriguing moments of his life. Although he made models and mechanical devices as hobbies, he was considered a slow learner, probably caused by dyslexia, shyness, or due to a rare and unusual structure in his brain (examined after his death).
Stamped Stupid When Small
In his childhood, Albert Einstein appeared to be retarded because of his late ability to speak. His character is quiet and likes to play alone.
In November 1981 his younger sister was born named Maja. Until the age of seven, Albert Einstein liked to be angry and throw things, including his sister.
His interest and love for the field of physics emerged at the age of five. When he was lying weak because of illness, his father presented him with a compass.
Little Albert was fascinated by the miracle of the compass, so he made up his mind to unmask the mystery that enveloped the majesty and greatness of nature.
Although quiet and did not like playing with his friends, Albert Einstein was still able to excel at school. His report card is good and he won the class.
In addition to attending school and taking up science, Albert’s activities were only playing music and dueting with his mother playing the works of Mozart and Beethoven.
The history of Albert Einstein is very interesting to listen to. Einstein spent his college years at ETH (Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule). At the age of 21, Albert has declared a graduate. After graduating, Albert Einstein tried to apply for a job as a teaching assistant but was refused.
Finally, Albert got a temporary job as a teacher in high school. Then he got a job at the patent office in the city of Bern. During that time Albert continued to develop his physical sciences.
He was then given an award for his theory of relativity because of his slowness and said by thinking about the space and time of other children, he was able to develop more developed intelligence.
Another opinion, developing recently, about his mental development is that he has Asperger’s Syndrome, a condition associated with autism. Einstein began studying mathematics at the age of twelve.
There is a rumor that he failed in mathematics in his education, but this is not true; reimbursement in assessment confused the following year.
His two uncles helped develop his interest in the world of intellect in his late childhood and early adolescence by giving proposals and books about science and mathematics.
In 1894, due to the failure of his father’s electrochemical business, Einstein moved from Munich to Pavia, Italy (near Milan).
Albert stayed to finish school, completing one semester before rejoining his family in Pavia.
His failure in the liberal arts at the entrance examination of the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, in Zurich) the following year was a step backward by his family sent to Aarau, Switzerland, to finish his high school, where he received a diploma in 1896.
In the biography of Albert Einstein, he was known to register several times at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule. The following year he renounced Württemberg citizenship and became a citizen.
In 1898, Einstein met and fell in love with Mileva Maric, a Serb who was a classmate (also a friend of Nikola Tesla). Mileva later became the wife of Albert Einstein.
In 1900, he was given a degree to teach by the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule and was accepted as a Swiss citizen in 1901.
During this time Einstein discussed his interest in science with his close friends, including Mileva.
He and Mileva had a daughter named Lieserl, born in January 1902. Lieserl, at that time, was considered illegal because his parents were not married.
Einstein Found the Theory of Relativity
At the time of his graduation, Einstein could not find a teaching job, as a young person who easily angered his professor.
The father of a classmate helped him find a job as a technical assistant examiner at the Swiss Patent Office in 1902.
There, Einstein assessed the inventor’s patent application for a tool that needed physics knowledge. He also learned to realize the importance of the application compared to the bad explanation, and learned from the director how to “explain himself correctly”.
He sometimes corrects their designs and also evaluates the practicality of their work. Einstein married Mileva on January 6, 1903. Einstein’s marriage to Mileva, a mathematician, was a personal companion and intelligence.
On May 14, 1904, Albert Einstein’s son was born. He was the first child from Mileva named Hans Albert Einstein, born. In 1904, Einstein’s position at the Swiss Patent Office became permanent.
Einstein in his office, University of Berlin
He received a doctorate after submitting the “Eine Neue Bestimmung der Moleküldimensionen” thesis (1909) in 1905 from the University of Zürich.
1905 was a full year of achievement for Albert because in that year Einstein produced many brilliant works. The works and inventions of Albert Einstein are as follows:
March 1905: paper on the application of Epipactis to radiation events, this paper is an introduction to the quantum hypothesis of light based on Boltzmann statistics. This explanation of the photoelectric effect of the paper gave him the Nobel prize in 1922.
April 1905: doctoral dissertation on the determination of new molecular sizes. Einstein obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Zurich.
May 1905: His paper on Brownian motion.
June 1905: The famous paper, which is about the special theory of relativity, was published Annalen der Physik under the title Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Kerper (Electrodynamics of moving objects).
September 1905: the continuation of his June paper came to the conclusion of his famous formula: E = mc2, that is, the mass of an object (m) is a measure of its energy content (E). c is the speed of light in a vacuum (c >> 300 thousand kilometers per second).
The masses have equality with energy, a fact that opens up opportunities for the development of nuclear power projects in the future.
One gram of mass is thus equivalent to energy which can supply 3000 homes (900 watts) of electricity for a full year, an enormous amount of energy.
In the same year, he wrote four articles that provided the basis of modern physics, without much scientific literature that he could designate or many colleagues in science that he could discuss his theory.
Many physicists agree that the three theses (about Brownian motion), photoelectric effects, and special relativity) deserve the Nobel Prize. But only the thesis about the photoelectric effect received the award.
This is an irony, not only because Einstein knew more about relativity, but also because the photoelectric effect was a quantum phenomenon, and Einstein became free from the path in quantum theory.
What makes his thesis extraordinary is, in each case, Einstein confidently took ideas from theoretical physics to logical consequences and succeeded in explaining the results of experiments that baffled scientists for decades. He submitted his theses to the “Annalen der Physik”.
They are usually addressed to “Annus Mirabilis Papers” (from Latin: Extraordinary years). The Union of Pure Physics and Applications (IUPAP) planned to celebrate 100 years of publication of Einstein’s work in 1905 as the 2005 Physics Year.
Einstein and the Brownian Movement
In his first article in 1905 called “On the Motion Required by the Molecular Kinetic Theory of Heat of Small Particles Suspended in a Stationary Liquid”, including research on Brownian movements.
Using the kinetic theory of fluids which at that time was controversial, he determined that phenomena, which are still lacking in satisfactory explanations after decades after he was first observed, provide empirical evidence (on the basis of observation and experimentation) the reality of atoms.
And also lends confidence in statistical mechanics, which at that time was also controversial. Prior to this thesis, atoms were known as a multitude of concepts, but physicists and chemists fiercely debated whether the atom was a real object.
Einstein’s discussion of statistics on atomic behavior gives experimenters a way to calculate atoms just by looking through an ordinary microscope.
Wilhelm Ostwald, a leader of the anti-atom school, then told Arnold Sommerfeld that he had converted to Einstein’s complete explanation of the Brownian movement.
Achieve a Nobel Prize
In 1909, Albert Einstein was appointed as a professor at the University of Zurich. In 1915, he completed his two theories of relativity.
The highest award for his hard work since childhood paid off with the achievement of the Nobel Prize in 1921 in the field of physics. In addition, Albert also developed quantum theory and a unified field theory.
In 1933, Albert and his family moved to the United States for fear that scientific activities – either as instructors or as researchers – were disrupted. In 1941, he took an oath as a citizen of the United States.
Because of his fame and sincerity in helping others in trouble, Albert was offered to become Israel’s second president. However, this position was rejected because he felt he did not have competence in that field.
Finally, on April 18, 1955, Albert Einstein died leaving a great work that had changed world history.
In Albert Einstein’s biography, it is known that Albert Einstein had grief and regret in his heart because his great work – the theory of general and special relativity – was used as inspiration to make atomic bombs.
These bombs were dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II. He was said to be very sorry to have written a letter to President Roosevelt who explained about the Atomic Bomb